Tuesday, February 26, 2008

Sub-clans of Solankis

Solanki Rajput clan is divided into several sub-clans, of which some are very rare to be found. Most of the sub-clans belong to Rajputana, Gujarat and Baghelkhand. After learning the whole lineage, their explanation will be clear. But this place is too small to give the detailed lineage, thus only small discription is given for popular clans, rest only are only mentioned.

1. Balnot - Descendants of Balan, son of Kirtipal (elder brother of King Kumarpal). They live in Toda,Tordi in Rajatshan, Ghargaon,Dahi,Dharmraj(near Indore) in Madhya Pradesh.

2. Mehalgota - Descendants of fourth descendant of Balan, Mahelu. Their Jagir was Kekadi(Ajmer).

3. Kherada - Descendants of Bheem (4th descendant of Balan) ruled the area of Kherada in Jahajpur(Mewar), thus called Kherada. Mandalgadh fort was in their occupation during Akbar's campaign on Chittor.

4. Nathawat - Descendants of 9th descdendant of Balan, Nathaji. Mostly they are holding Jagirs in Bundi State. Main thikanas are Patanra, Naingaon,Hungori. They are having seats in Davi Misal(left seats) of Bundi Court.

5. Veerpura -
3rd descendant of Balan was Veerbhanu, who established the princely state of Lunawada (9 gun salute during British occupation). Other than Lunawada, Veerpura Solanki holds Jagir of Pawagadh, Sutrampur, Radhanpur.

6. Bhojawat - Direct descendants of King Tribhuvanpal- II of Gujarat, in direct bloodline of 7 generations. After 7 generation of Tribhuvan, Bhoja became the king, ruling in Rajputana. His descendants are Bhojawat Solankis. It is the most powerful, dominating and famous sub-clan which existed after rule of Gujarat. Most of Thikanas of Solankis in Mewar are of Bhojawat Solankis.
  1. Shankarot - Great grandson of Bhoja, Shanker Singh was granted Thikana of Jhilwara. His descendants live in Jhilwara and many other villages in Mewar.
  2. SavantSinghot - Younger brother of Shaker Singh was Savant Singh. He was granted Thikana of Desuri and his descdendant are Savantsinghot. The Patvi Thikana is Roopanagar, one of Bada 32 Thikanas of Mewar and also ohter Thikanas are Jojawar and many other villages in Mewar and Marwar.
  3. KhetSinghot - Son of SavantSingh was Khet Singh. He was died in battle of Balisa. His descendants were granted Siryari but that was taken by Marwar forces and they were granted Thikana of Sansari and Mani.
  4. HamirSinghot - Descendants of son of SavantSingh, Hamir Singh. They live in Somesar.
  5. Dela - Son of Savant Singh, Dela established his territory in Javara in Malwa. His title was Rawat and his descendants are holding Jagir of Abarwada,Khojan Kheda, Alot and Khadgun in Malwa.
Second son of Bhoja was Gauda. Gauda's son Sultan Singh, captured Panarwa. His descendant was R Punja, who is famous in History of Mewar in Battle of Haldighati and for helping Maharana Pratap. They also have holdings of Bhom of Augana.

7. Baghela - Descendant of Sarang (Son of King Bhimdev - I) are Baghelas. They ruled the area of BaghelKhand with capital of Rewa. Many popular thikanas of Baghels are Baran, Churhat, Rampur, tala, Chamu, Itavan, Devra, Solagpur, Nigvani, Jaitpur, Chandiya, Baikunthpur, Kalyanpur, Mehsana, Ranpura and Devgadh.

Rest of the sub-clans are-
Malra, Khodera, Bhangota, Kathwad, Tejawat, Barwasian, Bharsunda, Salawat, Beda, Uniyariya, Halawat, Chajawat, Bahela, Modawat, Karmawat, Amawat, Katariya, Tatawat, Surjanpota, Banveerpota, Achalpota,Rawatka, Khinyawat, Harrajot, Bairisalot, Baghawat, Gangawat, Balramot, Kamawat, Narhardasot, Rudraka, Vishnuka, Jagganathka, Madhodaska, Dayaldaska, Jagrupka, Kalacha, Bhale Sultan, Swarnman, Bhutta, Bhureva, Kalmer, Solake, Tantiya, Peethapur, Sojathiya, Togaru, Beeku.

Saturday, February 23, 2008

Rajput Clan's Utan (Oldest Place of Family Division)

Historically, there are 36 clans of Rajputs, thus called chattis-kul.

Rajputs are known by the place they belong. Some clans even took their names by the place they used to rule, as Sisodiya(from Sisoda), Sonigara Chauhan(from Svarngiri Fort, Jalore) and many others. Rajputs are mostly identified by the place they belond or used to belong or ruled. According to the historical books, Utan of the different Rajput clans are-

Dhar,Abu - Parmar
Jayal - Khichi
Sambhar,Nadol - Chauhan
Parbatsar - Dahiya
Tunk-Toda - Solanki
Mandore - Parihar
Patan - Chavda
Kannauj - Rathore
Narvar - Kachhwaha
Delhi - Tanwar
Bhatner,Lodurva - Bhati
Bundi - Hada
Jalore - Sonigara Chauhan
Chittor - Mori
Halvad-Patdi - Jhala
Janglu - Sankhla
Bandhogarh - Baghela
Merta - Mertiya Rathore.

There are many small sub-clans in different Rajput clans which are having their name took from the place they used to rule but it will produce an messed up list here, so are avoided.

Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Bharmal was not the first one!!

As many people used to know, some may be from Jodha Akbar that Raja Bharmal of Amber was the first Rajput King to marry his daughter with a Muslim. But the history tells us a really different story. There had been examples of some other rajput kings before Bharmal to do so. Rao Maldeo(1531-1562), descendent of Rao Jodha and King of Marwar(Jodhpur) was one of the first Rajputs to give his daughter to Muslims. The motive of these types of marriages was same as in the case of Bharmal, security from the relatives. If they marry their daughters to the Muslims, it means they are safe from that side. Rao Maldeo married 4 out of 23 of his daughters to Muslims. The names were

1. Kanakavati, daughter of Jhali Rani Navrangdevi, married to Badshah Mahmud-III of Gujarat. When Mahmud died, she went to her sister, SajanaBai at Jaisalmer, who was married to Rawal Harraj of Jaisalmer. She died there after 1544.
2. Ratnavati, daughter of Jhali Rani Navrangdevi, married to HajiKhan of Ajmer. After death of HajiKhan,she came back to her brother Chandrasen and then to UdaiSingh. She died at Nagaur in 1593.
3. Lalbai, daughter of Sonagari Rani Ladbai, married to Badshah SherShah Suri, after the battle of Sumel-Giri in January,1544.
4. Jasodabai, daughter of Kachwahi Rani Lakshaldevi, married to Khan Mohammed Daulat Khan, Khan of Nagaur in 1532.
5. Rukmavati a.k.a Jodhbibi, daughter of concubine Tipu, married to Badhshah Akbar in 1581.

These facts are from Bankidas Ri Khyat, written by Bankidas, who was an renowned poet and historian in the court of King ManSingh of Jodhpur. These facts are also supported from the Mughal and Rathore lineages. But they are not mentioned in many books, may be because to continue the traditions to blame the Kachwahas for the cowardness. Bharmal followed the footsteps of Maldeo. He was not the first one to do these kind of shameful thing. As later, Rathores, Kachwahas, Bhatis, Gehlots (not Sisodias) continued to marry their daughters to Mughals. The exceptions in these were, Sisodias of Udaipur, Baghelas of Rewa and Hadas of Bundi. Not a single Rajput family allowed marriages with Mughals, thus maintaning the purity of the blood and their dignity.. The decisions to marry their daughter to Muslims by Kings Jodhpur and Jaipur led Mewar to impose a kind of ban on them that was, not to marry in any Rajput family from these states . This ban continues for more than 200 years, after rule of Ajeet Singh, it was lifted with a condition that the son of Sisodini Rani will be the only heir of the throne, no matter he is eldest or not.

Mostly all books describes Bharmal as the first one to do this kind of relations, by hiding the truth. People are believing what they are being told, either by course books or by the some other books. But the real history lies unappreciated in these kinds of books. Bharmal is famous for starting marriage traditions between Rajput and Mughals, but he is not the right one to be in that place.No doubt, Maldeo was the most powerful King of Marwar ever, Delhi was just 50 miles away from his territorial boundaries, but these decisions were also a sign of coward.

Wednesday, February 13, 2008

Reality of Akbar's Jodha

As people as discussing on this link http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/2742124.cms
most of the people are arguing on the facts upon which film Jodha-Akbar is based.
The main discussion is about the reality of the facts. The facts which we have been reading since our schools, are solely based upon the facts what the english people have written.
Whether its about the history of Aryans, History of Rajputs and History of Mughlas. If Some one studies the Rajput Literature or their history being written during the periods of their rule, people will came to know the real facts, but these facts remain buried in the Rajashtani Books. And people came to know only those facts which are highlighted by the peoples. Asutosh is doing exactly the same. May be Akbar had a wife named JodhBi or Jodhbai but she was never a Rajput princess, nor a daughter of Kachhwahas Rajputs. There was a queen named Jodhbibi but she was a daughter of a Paswaan of Rao Maldeo of Jodhpur and was married to Akbar. Thus, a not Rajput princess at all. Then, why so much of arguments is needed, if there are facts present in the historical books. People are just discussing like headless chickens, without much of work to know the facts. As per Mughal historians the names of Rajputs queens of Akbar are:

Akbar ----

  1. married (fifth) at Sambhar, 6th February 1562, Wali Nimat, Hamida Banu Mariam uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba (d. at Agram, 19th May 1623 n.s., bur. Rauza Mariam, Sikandara), née Rajkumari Hira Kunwari Sahiba, alias Harkha Bai, eldest daughter of Raja Bihari Mal, Raja of Amber. Sons were, Malik ul-Mulk, Shahzada Sultan Salim Bahadur, who succeeded as H.M. Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram,Khushru-i-Giti Panah, Abu'l-Fath Nur ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Shahzada Sultan Danial Mirza. b. at the house of Shaikh Danial, Ajmer, 11th September 1572
  2. married (sixth) at Nagaur, 1562, Maharaj Kumari Shri Nathi Bai Sahiba,daughter of Maharajadhiraj Parama Bhattarak Shri Maharawal Ji Bairi Hariraj Singh Dev Bahadur,Yadukul Chandrawhal, Bijaimand, Maharaja of Jaisalmer --->Shahzadi Mahi Begum Sahiba. b. ca. 1571 (d/o Nathi Bai). She d. at Fatehpur Sikri, 7th April 1577.
  3. married (eleventh) at Nagaur, 16th November 1570, Baiji Lal Raj Kanwari Sahiba,daughter of Kunwar Sri Kanho [Kanhaji], of Bikaner, and niece of Rao Shri Kalyan Mal, Rao of Bikaner.
  4. married (twelfth) at Nagaur, 16th November 1570, Baiji Lal Bhanumati Kanwari Sahiba,daughter of Kanwar Sri Bhim Rajji, Gai Bhum ra Bahru, of Bikaner.
  5. married (fourteenth) ca. 1572, a daughter of Nahar Das Isar Das.
  6. married (fifteenth) 1573, a daughter of Raja Shri Jai Chand, of Nagaur.
  7. married (seventeenth) 1577, a daughter of Maharawal Shri Askaran Sahib Bahadur,Maharawal of Dungarpur.
  8. married (eighteenth) ca. 1581, Rajkumari Shri Rukmawati Baiji Lall Sahiba [Jodh Bibi](d.s.p. before 30th May 1623), daughter of Rao Shri Mal Deoji, Rao of Marwar, by his paswan, Tipu.
  9. married (nineteenth) 1581, a daughter of Raja Shri Kesho Das Rathore, of Mertia.

These facts are taken from Sources of Mughal lineage and "Bankidas Ri Khyat" and are the most believable sources for these facts. As it is clearly seen from these facts that there was a queen of Akbar named JodhBibi, was neither a rajput princess as she was a daughter of a Paswaan from the King and nor was from Jaipur. So, what Ashutosh is depicting in his film is truly based on misconcepts of the great historians whom he has consulted and also the Great English people's written history of India.
Thus, Asutosh is clearly distorting the facts and he should apologize for it and the film should be included with these facts.