Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Mertiya Rathore - Khod


Visandasot Mertiyas, Descendents of Visandas, grandson of the legendary warrior of 3rd Sack of Chittor, Jaimal Rathore. 

Thursday, July 24, 2008

Jhunje Auwa

By the year 1843, the royal lineage of Rathores of Marwar was lapsed without a heir after the death of Man Singh. Takhat Singh was adopted from Ahmadnagar (Gujarat), following the demise of Man Singh. Takhat Singh was a very loyal king to British. Even he had given Sambhar Lake to British government. He was popular for having more than 130 ladies in his harem, including queens, concubines. Most of the time, king was busy in Janan Khana. The administration was run by other people under the influence of British. Being adopted from Gujarat, most of nobles (Sardars) were unhappy from the King, another reason was he had given major posts to gujarati peoples who came along with him from Ahmednagar. Also, the British had become more important than the Sardars. Rajputs of Marwar were not in the favour of British control of power. They frequently disobeyed orders of Takhat Singh and the British.

In the year 1857, the revolt against the British started, the King had issued the orders not to indulge in any such activities and also not to give shelter to any revolutionary. Revolutionary army from Neemuch Cantt tookm shelter at Auwa Thakur Khushal Singh, a premier noble of Marwar. Jodhpur State sent its force under Kiledar Anar Singh Panwar of Mokala to crush the rebels at Auwa and teach Khushal Singh a lesson. Thakur of Auwa was joined by forces of Thakurs of Asop, Lasani, Lambian, Banta, Bhimanlia, Badsan, Rajoda, Sonei Koopawatan, Radawas, Shapuni, Sovaniya, Sela and Nerawas, Roopnagar, Salumbar, Alniyawas etc. Overall there were more than 5000 rajputs in Auwa. Fierced battle took place near the village of Bithuda, where forces of Auwa defeated Jodhpur State forces and Kiledar Anar Singh was killed in the battle. Remaning force of Jodhpur ran away. Despite this humiliating defeat, Takhat Singh was not satisfied. Again, he sent forces having assistance from British. Lt. General Lawrence, who was the A.G.G. (Agent of Governor General) at Ajmer for Rajputana, also came with some forces to attack Auwa. His three different attacks were repulsed with determination. The Jodhpur state forces failed to succeed again, as Auwa was protected on the west, to some extent on the North by a fortification wall on the East was protected by a high earth mound, so the outside attack by cannons could not do any damage, as the cannonballs were absorbed by the earthen mound. Capt. Mason, who was the British Residency Officer at Jodhpur, arrived Auwa with his artillery, but he lost his way to British camp and came straight towards the Rajput camp. He was shot dead and his head was cut-off and was hanged at the fort-gate (in pic.).

The siege of Auwa lasted from September 1857 to January 1858. When in January 1858, Holmes invaded Auwa with a huge army consisting of nearly 30,000 troops on the 20th January 1858 to suppress the revolt, Auwa Thakur made defence preparations and walls of Auwa fort were equipped with 50 artillery pieces. The fighting went on four days. Auwa had lost many warriors. Thakur Kushal Singh had gone out from the east side which was safer to venture out to get more help from the Rajputs, Rawat and Bhil tribes living in the Aravali hills about 15 to 16 Km to the east and from his in-laws, Solankis of Roopanagar (Mewar). The fighting continued six days, the besieged were reduced to sheer helplessness and, the stratagem organised by the Jodhpur troops who persuaded the Kiledar of Auwa (Bhan Singh Champawat) to betray, the fort gates were opened.

They plundered the village mercilessly, killed all survivors, the fort and the palace were burnt. The Jodhpur State and British troops were not satisfied merely with the occupation of the fort. Even the temples and their statues were not spared. So fierce was the spirit of vengeance that even trees were cut down, to destroy any sign to recall the memories of Auwa. They destroyed everything to erase the battle of Auwa from history, but still the spirit of the Rajputs of Auwa, Asop, Alniyawas, Roopnagar, Salumbar, Lasani, Banta and many others, villagers of Auwa is alive in the memories of their people, who faught and gave their life but refused to give away their land to British unlike their King Takhat Singh. To their honour, people in the villages of Godwar, generations after generations still recite this story and the brave fight put up by Thakur Kushal Singh, against the British, to their children and singing songs during spring festival of Holi (in pic), about Capt. Mason’s head being strung at the fort gate, and about Thakur Kushal Singh’s glorious battles with the British and Jodhpur state forces. Generations after generations, these songs still mark the patriotism and the bravery of these warriors and ensure that their sacrifice is not forgotten and their memory still lives in the heart of their people.
।। झल्लै आऊवो ।।

वणिया वाली गोचर मांए, काळो लोग पडियो ओ ,

राजाजी रै भेळो तो फिरंगी लडियो ओ,

काळी टोपी रो ।

हे ओ काळी टोपी रो, फिरंगी फैलाव कीधो ओ,

काळी टोपी रो ।

बारली तोपां रा गोला धूडगढ में लागे ओ ।

मांयली तोपां रा गोलां तंबू तोडे ओ,

झल्लै आऊवो ।

हे ओ झल्लै आऊवो, आऊवो धरती रो थांबो ओ,

झल्लै आऊवो ।

मांयली तोपां तो छूटै आडावळौ धजै ओ,

आऊवे रो नाथ तो सुगाळी ने पूजै ओ ,

झगडो आदरियो ।

हे ओ झगडो आदरियो, आऊवो झगडा ने बांको ओ,

झगडो आदरियो ।

राजाजी रा घोडलिया काळा रै लारै दौडै ओ।

आऊवा रा घोडा तो पछाडी तोडे ओ,

झगडो व्हैण दो

ढोल बाजे, थाली बाजे, भेळौ बाजै बांकियो ओ,

अजंट ने मारने दरवाजे नांकियो ओ,

जूंझे आऊवो ।

हे ओ जूंझे आऊवो, आऊवो मुलकां मे चावो ओ,

जूंझे आऊवो ।

Tuesday, February 26, 2008

Sub-clans of Solankis

Solanki Rajput clan is divided into several sub-clans, of which some are very rare to be found. Most of the sub-clans belong to Rajputana, Gujarat and Baghelkhand. After learning the whole lineage, their explanation will be clear. But this place is too small to give the detailed lineage, thus only small discription is given for popular clans, rest only are only mentioned.

1. Balnot - Descendants of Balan, son of Kirtipal (elder brother of King Kumarpal). They live in Toda,Tordi in Rajatshan, Ghargaon,Dahi,Dharmraj(near Indore) in Madhya Pradesh.

2. Mehalgota - Descendants of fourth descendant of Balan, Mahelu. Their Jagir was Kekadi(Ajmer).

3. Kherada - Descendants of Bheem (4th descendant of Balan) ruled the area of Kherada in Jahajpur(Mewar), thus called Kherada. Mandalgadh fort was in their occupation during Akbar's campaign on Chittor.

4. Nathawat - Descendants of 9th descdendant of Balan, Nathaji. Mostly they are holding Jagirs in Bundi State. Main thikanas are Patanra, Naingaon,Hungori. They are having seats in Davi Misal(left seats) of Bundi Court.

5. Veerpura -
3rd descendant of Balan was Veerbhanu, who established the princely state of Lunawada (9 gun salute during British occupation). Other than Lunawada, Veerpura Solanki holds Jagir of Pawagadh, Sutrampur, Radhanpur.

6. Bhojawat - Direct descendants of King Tribhuvanpal- II of Gujarat, in direct bloodline of 7 generations. After 7 generation of Tribhuvan, Bhoja became the king, ruling in Rajputana. His descendants are Bhojawat Solankis. It is the most powerful, dominating and famous sub-clan which existed after rule of Gujarat. Most of Thikanas of Solankis in Mewar are of Bhojawat Solankis.
  1. Shankarot - Great grandson of Bhoja, Shanker Singh was granted Thikana of Jhilwara. His descendants live in Jhilwara and many other villages in Mewar.
  2. SavantSinghot - Younger brother of Shaker Singh was Savant Singh. He was granted Thikana of Desuri and his descdendant are Savantsinghot. The Patvi Thikana is Roopanagar, one of Bada 32 Thikanas of Mewar and also ohter Thikanas are Jojawar and many other villages in Mewar and Marwar.
  3. KhetSinghot - Son of SavantSingh was Khet Singh. He was died in battle of Balisa. His descendants were granted Siryari but that was taken by Marwar forces and they were granted Thikana of Sansari and Mani.
  4. HamirSinghot - Descendants of son of SavantSingh, Hamir Singh. They live in Somesar.
  5. Dela - Son of Savant Singh, Dela established his territory in Javara in Malwa. His title was Rawat and his descendants are holding Jagir of Abarwada,Khojan Kheda, Alot and Khadgun in Malwa.
Second son of Bhoja was Gauda. Gauda's son Sultan Singh, captured Panarwa. His descendant was R Punja, who is famous in History of Mewar in Battle of Haldighati and for helping Maharana Pratap. They also have holdings of Bhom of Augana.

7. Baghela - Descendant of Sarang (Son of King Bhimdev - I) are Baghelas. They ruled the area of BaghelKhand with capital of Rewa. Many popular thikanas of Baghels are Baran, Churhat, Rampur, tala, Chamu, Itavan, Devra, Solagpur, Nigvani, Jaitpur, Chandiya, Baikunthpur, Kalyanpur, Mehsana, Ranpura and Devgadh.

Rest of the sub-clans are-
Malra, Khodera, Bhangota, Kathwad, Tejawat, Barwasian, Bharsunda, Salawat, Beda, Uniyariya, Halawat, Chajawat, Bahela, Modawat, Karmawat, Amawat, Katariya, Tatawat, Surjanpota, Banveerpota, Achalpota,Rawatka, Khinyawat, Harrajot, Bairisalot, Baghawat, Gangawat, Balramot, Kamawat, Narhardasot, Rudraka, Vishnuka, Jagganathka, Madhodaska, Dayaldaska, Jagrupka, Kalacha, Bhale Sultan, Swarnman, Bhutta, Bhureva, Kalmer, Solake, Tantiya, Peethapur, Sojathiya, Togaru, Beeku.

Saturday, February 23, 2008

Rajput Clan's Utan (Oldest Place of Family Division)

Historically, there are 36 clans of Rajputs, thus called chattis-kul.

Rajputs are known by the place they belong. Some clans even took their names by the place they used to rule, as Sisodiya(from Sisoda), Sonigara Chauhan(from Svarngiri Fort, Jalore) and many others. Rajputs are mostly identified by the place they belond or used to belong or ruled. According to the historical books, Utan of the different Rajput clans are-

Dhar,Abu - Parmar
Jayal - Khichi
Sambhar,Nadol - Chauhan
Parbatsar - Dahiya
Tunk-Toda - Solanki
Mandore - Parihar
Patan - Chavda
Kannauj - Rathore
Narvar - Kachhwaha
Delhi - Tanwar
Bhatner,Lodurva - Bhati
Bundi - Hada
Jalore - Sonigara Chauhan
Chittor - Mori
Halvad-Patdi - Jhala
Janglu - Sankhla
Bandhogarh - Baghela
Merta - Mertiya Rathore.

There are many small sub-clans in different Rajput clans which are having their name took from the place they used to rule but it will produce an messed up list here, so are avoided.

Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Bharmal was not the first one!!

As many people used to know, some may be from Jodha Akbar that Raja Bharmal of Amber was the first Rajput King to marry his daughter with a Muslim. But the history tells us a really different story. There had been examples of some other rajput kings before Bharmal to do so. Rao Maldeo(1531-1562), descendent of Rao Jodha and King of Marwar(Jodhpur) was one of the first Rajputs to give his daughter to Muslims. The motive of these types of marriages was same as in the case of Bharmal, security from the relatives. If they marry their daughters to the Muslims, it means they are safe from that side. Rao Maldeo married 4 out of 23 of his daughters to Muslims. The names were

1. Kanakavati, daughter of Jhali Rani Navrangdevi, married to Badshah Mahmud-III of Gujarat. When Mahmud died, she went to her sister, SajanaBai at Jaisalmer, who was married to Rawal Harraj of Jaisalmer. She died there after 1544.
2. Ratnavati, daughter of Jhali Rani Navrangdevi, married to HajiKhan of Ajmer. After death of HajiKhan,she came back to her brother Chandrasen and then to UdaiSingh. She died at Nagaur in 1593.
3. Lalbai, daughter of Sonagari Rani Ladbai, married to Badshah SherShah Suri, after the battle of Sumel-Giri in January,1544.
4. Jasodabai, daughter of Kachwahi Rani Lakshaldevi, married to Khan Mohammed Daulat Khan, Khan of Nagaur in 1532.
5. Rukmavati a.k.a Jodhbibi, daughter of concubine Tipu, married to Badhshah Akbar in 1581.

These facts are from Bankidas Ri Khyat, written by Bankidas, who was an renowned poet and historian in the court of King ManSingh of Jodhpur. These facts are also supported from the Mughal and Rathore lineages. But they are not mentioned in many books, may be because to continue the traditions to blame the Kachwahas for the cowardness. Bharmal followed the footsteps of Maldeo. He was not the first one to do these kind of shameful thing. As later, Rathores, Kachwahas, Bhatis, Gehlots (not Sisodias) continued to marry their daughters to Mughals. The exceptions in these were, Sisodias of Udaipur, Baghelas of Rewa and Hadas of Bundi. Not a single Rajput family allowed marriages with Mughals, thus maintaning the purity of the blood and their dignity.. The decisions to marry their daughter to Muslims by Kings Jodhpur and Jaipur led Mewar to impose a kind of ban on them that was, not to marry in any Rajput family from these states . This ban continues for more than 200 years, after rule of Ajeet Singh, it was lifted with a condition that the son of Sisodini Rani will be the only heir of the throne, no matter he is eldest or not.

Mostly all books describes Bharmal as the first one to do this kind of relations, by hiding the truth. People are believing what they are being told, either by course books or by the some other books. But the real history lies unappreciated in these kinds of books. Bharmal is famous for starting marriage traditions between Rajput and Mughals, but he is not the right one to be in that place.No doubt, Maldeo was the most powerful King of Marwar ever, Delhi was just 50 miles away from his territorial boundaries, but these decisions were also a sign of coward.

Wednesday, February 13, 2008

Reality of Akbar's Jodha

As people as discussing on this link
most of the people are arguing on the facts upon which film Jodha-Akbar is based.
The main discussion is about the reality of the facts. The facts which we have been reading since our schools, are solely based upon the facts what the english people have written.
Whether its about the history of Aryans, History of Rajputs and History of Mughlas. If Some one studies the Rajput Literature or their history being written during the periods of their rule, people will came to know the real facts, but these facts remain buried in the Rajashtani Books. And people came to know only those facts which are highlighted by the peoples. Asutosh is doing exactly the same. May be Akbar had a wife named JodhBi or Jodhbai but she was never a Rajput princess, nor a daughter of Kachhwahas Rajputs. There was a queen named Jodhbibi but she was a daughter of a Paswaan of Rao Maldeo of Jodhpur and was married to Akbar. Thus, a not Rajput princess at all. Then, why so much of arguments is needed, if there are facts present in the historical books. People are just discussing like headless chickens, without much of work to know the facts. As per Mughal historians the names of Rajputs queens of Akbar are:

Akbar ----

  1. married (fifth) at Sambhar, 6th February 1562, Wali Nimat, Hamida Banu Mariam uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba (d. at Agram, 19th May 1623 n.s., bur. Rauza Mariam, Sikandara), née Rajkumari Hira Kunwari Sahiba, alias Harkha Bai, eldest daughter of Raja Bihari Mal, Raja of Amber. Sons were, Malik ul-Mulk, Shahzada Sultan Salim Bahadur, who succeeded as H.M. Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram,Khushru-i-Giti Panah, Abu'l-Fath Nur ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Shahzada Sultan Danial Mirza. b. at the house of Shaikh Danial, Ajmer, 11th September 1572
  2. married (sixth) at Nagaur, 1562, Maharaj Kumari Shri Nathi Bai Sahiba,daughter of Maharajadhiraj Parama Bhattarak Shri Maharawal Ji Bairi Hariraj Singh Dev Bahadur,Yadukul Chandrawhal, Bijaimand, Maharaja of Jaisalmer --->Shahzadi Mahi Begum Sahiba. b. ca. 1571 (d/o Nathi Bai). She d. at Fatehpur Sikri, 7th April 1577.
  3. married (eleventh) at Nagaur, 16th November 1570, Baiji Lal Raj Kanwari Sahiba,daughter of Kunwar Sri Kanho [Kanhaji], of Bikaner, and niece of Rao Shri Kalyan Mal, Rao of Bikaner.
  4. married (twelfth) at Nagaur, 16th November 1570, Baiji Lal Bhanumati Kanwari Sahiba,daughter of Kanwar Sri Bhim Rajji, Gai Bhum ra Bahru, of Bikaner.
  5. married (fourteenth) ca. 1572, a daughter of Nahar Das Isar Das.
  6. married (fifteenth) 1573, a daughter of Raja Shri Jai Chand, of Nagaur.
  7. married (seventeenth) 1577, a daughter of Maharawal Shri Askaran Sahib Bahadur,Maharawal of Dungarpur.
  8. married (eighteenth) ca. 1581, Rajkumari Shri Rukmawati Baiji Lall Sahiba [Jodh Bibi](d.s.p. before 30th May 1623), daughter of Rao Shri Mal Deoji, Rao of Marwar, by his paswan, Tipu.
  9. married (nineteenth) 1581, a daughter of Raja Shri Kesho Das Rathore, of Mertia.

These facts are taken from Sources of Mughal lineage and "Bankidas Ri Khyat" and are the most believable sources for these facts. As it is clearly seen from these facts that there was a queen of Akbar named JodhBibi, was neither a rajput princess as she was a daughter of a Paswaan from the King and nor was from Jaipur. So, what Ashutosh is depicting in his film is truly based on misconcepts of the great historians whom he has consulted and also the Great English people's written history of India.
Thus, Asutosh is clearly distorting the facts and he should apologize for it and the film should be included with these facts.

Monday, January 21, 2008

Thanks to ASI

A thanks to ASI for erecting an 900 year old moument which belongs to the time of King Kumarpal Solanki of Gujarat in Vadnagar. This monument called Kirti Stambh, about 30 meter in height was in dismantled condition from more than 100 years. There were twin Kirti Stambhs in Vadnagar, when this town was founded by King Kumarpal Solanki. But in the time of occupation of Gaekwad Marathas, the ill minded Sayajirao,ruler of Baroda, wanted these monuments to be located at his palace in Baroda. But due to stiff resistance from the local people, he was failed in his plans. But, one of the Kirti Stambh was broken into 7 pieces, which was lying there near Sarmistha Lake for more than 100 years. Last year, ASI re-erected the Kirti Stambh and also there are plans to acquire the land near them, so as to protect them. Figures of Kirti Toran are used as a symbol of Gujarat in government’s literatures since 1960, when Gujarat became a separate state.

Thursday, January 3, 2008

Rajput - Then and Now

Some facts about Rajputs.
  • RAJPUT, an ancient race which is not confined to Rajputana but spread over the northern part of the country.
  • The Rajputs form the fighting, landowning and ruling caste.
  • According to an old census (1901) there were 9,712,156 Rajputs in all India, of whom only 620,229 lived in Rajputana.
Rajput patriotism is legendary, an ideal they embodied by choosing death before dishonour. Rajput warriors were often known to fight until the last man.
The Rajputs are fine, brave men, and retain the feudal instinct developed. Pride of blood is their chief characteristic, and they are most punctilious on all points of etiquette. The tradition of common ancestry permits a poor Rajput man consider himself as well born as any powerful landholder of his clan, and superior to any high official of the professional classes.

They consider any occupation other than that of arms or government derogatory to their dignity, and consequently during the long period of peace which has followed the establishment of the British rule in India they have been content to stay idle at home instead of taking up any of the other professions in which they might have come to the front.

Rahter than a King of an large state, a Rajput from a small village will be considered great, if he dies in the battle. They fight to die and let the enemy die. Unlike mughals and other rulers, they fight to die instead of winning. They don't attack on the back and the unarmed man. Unlike muslims, Rajputs never punished womens for the crime their men have commited.

Excerpts from the book "Religion and Rajput Women" tells us about the present conditions of the Rajputs :-

Although this characterization is based on a study of Rajput history only through the mid seventeenth century, the ideals described remain meaningful today. All the Rajputs no longer fight in Rajput armies but understand the ability and willingness to give their lives as a living heritage. One rajput nobleman, pointing to the respect he receives when he visits the villages once part of his forefather's estate, comments that respect is an enduring tribute to the sacrifices of royal blood that his family and ancestors made on villagers' behalf. Such sacrifices, he believes, have been an integral part of the Rajput way of life.

Rajput men and women share the ideals of sacrifice and giving, Rajput men have retained the saka women have retained the sati as a paramount source of inspiration in adapting to modern times and circumstances.

As members of the royal caste, Rajputs were accountable for the sustenance and prosperity of those whom they ruled. Thus Rajputs have traditionally been addressed by the honorific annadata , "giver of grain." The survival of the conception of the Rajput as benefactor is exemplified by the popular adage that whereas a Brahman approaches a Rajput with his palms up (seeking alms), a Rajput approaches a Brahman with his palms down (giving alms). Rajputs enjoy explaining that their dispositional tendency toward generosity made them fit to rule even over Brahmans, their superiors in terms of caste purity.

As one nobleman explained, the Rajput makes a better politician than the baniya (Mechant Caste) because Rajputs are not naturally motivated by a desire for personal profit; they strive for the welfare of those whom they govern. These days the Rajput legacy of patronage has been preserved in some minimal ways, perhaps the most visible of which is the continuing Rajput sponsorship of various traditional festivals and rituals.