Wednesday, November 21, 2007

Nishan

Details:-

Chattra - signifies the Royal standards, it is the symbol of the clan more than 1500 years ago.

Trishul - sacred weapon of Somanath (Clan deity of Gurajareshwar).

above - pronounced name of the Solankis from the time they were rulers of Patan.

below - virad used to be said in the court of Mahrana on the arrival of Solanki jagirdars.

Sunday, November 11, 2007

Solanki in Mewar




King Tribhuvanpal Dev (I) -> ruled in Gujarat from Anhilwara Patan. During his rule, Vaghelas chiefs of Dholka having the title of RANA, has become powerful. Lavanprasad Vaghela guarded the throne of Ptan with great respect. But his descendent wanted to have their rule on Gujarat, Ranakdev, son of Tribhuvanpal understood this situation, knowing that Veesaldev had controlled all his courtiers, moved to Rajasthan and attacked and captured territories of Sonigaras of Jalore and Devras of Sirohi and made his own kingdom.
Raja Ranakdev – came to Rajasthan in 1276 A.D. and established his own kingdom by defeating Sonigaras of Jalore and Deoras of Sirohi. His son was Karandev.
Raja Karandev ascended in 1307 A.D. His son was Godadev.
Raja Godadev ascended in 1336 A.D. Nawab of PALANPUR, Himmat Khan Mohabbat Khan attacked Godadev in 1343 A.D. Nawab lost the battle with 500 of his men dead. His son was Sarangdev.
Raja Sarangdev ascended in 1377 A.D. His son was Tribhuvanpal.
Raja Tribhuvanpal (II) ascended in 1388 A.D. In his times, the territory was greatly reduced to few villages. His sons migrated to different places establishing different branches of the family. His sons were
DEEPA – ascended the throne after his father.
SATTA -ancestor of Sattawat Solankis (Kot Solankian)
Raja Deepa - ascended in 1409 A.D. His son was Bhojdev.
Raja Bhojdev – ascended the throne in 1439 A.D.
He was attacked by Rao Lakha of Sirohi 13 times. Bhojdev faught in the mountains and every time Lakha attacked, Bhoja’s forces came down the mountains with fierce speed and destroyed the Sirohi army. At last, Lakha took assistance from Idar. Rao of Idar asked about the reasons of 12 defeats.Knowing the cause of defeats, they both decided to attack Solankis from their back. In this 13th battle Bhoja was killed and his 14 wives commited sati. This battle was faught in Mal Magra in Sirohi region. Their monuments are still standing there.
His sons were,
Fateh Singh(Patta) left Lach and moved to Mewar.
Godadev – moved to Mewar, his descendents lives in Panarwa ( title RANA) and Augana.

Raja Fateh Singh
– ascended in 1477 A.D. His sons were-> RAIMAL, JASSA, DEVIDAS, BUDH SINGH, KARAN SINGH.
Thakur Raimal – ascended in 1480 A.D.
His sons were -> SHANKAR SINGH, SAWANT SINGH, SIDHRAV SINGH, BHAIRONDAS.
Daughters -> Kunwar Bai, married to Maharana Sanga. Her son was Bhojraj, husband of Meerabai.
Sultan De, married to Maharana Sanga.
His sons Shanker Singh and Savant Singh, attacked and captured Desuri and were granted 140 villages of Mewar and Godwar.
Shanker Singh settled in Jhilwara.
Savant Singh ascended the throne in Desuri.
Sidhrav Singh settled Bagol.
BhairavDas faught bravely and killed during second sack of Chittor. There is a gateway named after him, Bhairav Pol, where he was killed.

1. Thakur SAVANT SINGH -> ascended in 1491 A.D. in Desuri Fort.
Battle for Desuri -
Kunwar Prithviraj, Son of Rana Raimal, who was exiled to Kumbhalgarh by his father, Rana Raimal, wanted to annex the area of Godwar. In this ambition, Madrecha Chauhans of Desuri were the biggest hurdle. He seeked help from Solankis, who first denied as Madrechas were their relatives but later agreed. In the morning, Solanki Savant Singh along with his elder Shanker Singh attacked Desuri Fort. Savant Singh was on the first gate of the Fort where he get indulged in fighting with Madrecha Sanda. Sanda said “Beware Solanki, I am Sanda. I’ll take your head off your shoulders.” Savant Singh replied “If I don’t kill you, I am not a Singh.” The swords strikes from both the sides. Savant Singh was hit on the head but was saved due to helmet but Sanda was hit on the shoulder and his hand was cut away from his body and later his head. Savant Singh and Shanker Singh killed 150 Chauhans including their head, Madrecha Alhan and captured Desuri Fort.
Prithviraj was pleased from this victory and announced “Until Sisodia family is holding the title of Maharana, Desuri will remains yours.
Conflict with Rao of Marwar -
Savant Singh with other members of Mewar court, were sent by Rana Udai Singh to discuss Border issues with Rao Maldeo of Jodhpur. During discussions, both the parties started praising their clans and ancestors. They become excited and soon they took their swords out. Savant Singh was charged by Maldeo. During fighting. Pag (a turban) of Maldeo fell on the earth. Sawant Singh took this opportunity and he took the pag and ran to Mewar on his horse. He placed the pag of Maldeo in the feets of Rana Udai Singh. Rana increased the no. of villages in Savant Singh’s Jagir. On the other side, Maldeo decided not to wear pag until he kill Savant Singh. But he couldn’t completed his vow. His courtiers suggested him to wear turban instead of Pag until Solanki is killed, as it is bad sign for a king coming to the court bare head. Maldeo agreed. Maldeo was never able to complete his vow or should have forgotten it. From that day, people of Marwar as their king started to wear turbans instead of Pag.
At last to make an end to this enmity, Raja Udai Singh, son of Rao Maldeo married to daughter of Savant Singh.
His sons were - > Hamir Singh, Devraj Singh, Khet Singh, Khan
Hamir Singh settled in Sumer.
Khan fought and was killed in the battle of Haldighti (Khamnor).
Khet Singh was granted the Siryari. He faught for Rana Amar singh against Goyandas Bhati, when he attacked Mewar and was killed in this battle. His descendents are KhetSinghot Solankis.
Khet Singh’s son Sangram Singh faught for Rana Jagat Singh against Rathore Ram Singh when he attacked Mewar in the battle of Balisa and was killed.
Bhopat Singh, son of Sangram Singh faught and died in the same battle with his father.
Bhopat Singh’s descendents lived in Siryari, but forced out by Marwar forces, left Siryari and settled in Sansari.
For details on Sansari, visit - www.uq.net.au/_zzhsoszy/ips/s/sansari.html

2. Thakur DEVRAJ
-> ascended the throne after the death of his father.
His son was Veeramdeo.

3. Thakur VEERAMDEO - I -> ascended the throne after the death of his father. Built the fort of Roopnagar and shifted the Thikana there.
He was a renowned warrior. He faught bravely with Maharana Pratap Singh and Mahrana Amar Singh against Mughals. With all his family members, he took part in the war against Khurram. Many of his relatives died in these battles.
His sons were -> Jaswant Singh, Askaran.
Askaran was granted jagir of Jojawar.

4. Thakur JASWANT SINGH-> ascended the throne after the death of his father in 1646 A.D.
His son was Dalpat Singh.

5. Thakur DALPAT SINGH
- ascended the throne after the death of his father.
He took part in war against Banswara and Dungarpur, when Mewar armies were sent to annex the area.
His son was Vikramaditya(Bika ).

6. Thakur VIKRAMADITYA - ascended the throne after the death of his father. Famously known as Bika, was a renowned warrior. He fought bravely against Aurangzeb and once has looted his Treasure Caravan. He, with Ghanerao Thakur blocked the Desuri Nal and gloriously defeated Mughal Prince Akbar and looted all his weapons and horses.
His son was Surajmal.

7. Thakur SURAJMAL->
ascended the throne after the death of his father. He faught against Ranbaaj Khan in the battle of Bandhanwada.
His son was ShyamalDas.

8. Thakur SHYAMALDAS
9. Thakur VEERAMDEO -II
10. Thakur JEEVRAJ
11. Thakur KUBER SINGH
12. Thakur RATAN SINGH
13. Thakur SARDAR SINGH-> ascended the throne after the death of his father. Took part in the first war of independence and the in battle of Auwa in 1857 against the British Army. When Auwa was burned, he returned to his thikana. He gave refuge to Thakur Kushal Singh, when he was fleeing from the joint Army of British and Jodhpur.
14. Thakur NAVAL SINGH
15. Thakur VAIRISAL SINGH
16. Thakur BHUPAL SINGH
17. Thakur AJEET SINGH
18. Thakur VIJAY SINGH
For details on Roopnagar, visit-www.uq.net.au/_zzhsoszy/ips/r/roopnagar.html

Saturday, November 10, 2007

Royal Coat of Arms

Today, when all the former princely states are no more, the royal coat of arms has its importance only to the royal family and people serving under them. Most of the people in the Rajasthan are taking these insignias as their clan symbol, which shows there lack of knowledge about their own history. These coat of arms were created during the British rule. Before Britishers, these symbols have no existence and royal families were having their ancient clan symbols ( such as Sun of Mewar). All the state records, patta (order of allotment of land) were having these symbols or the signature of the ruler or the issuing authority.
When British came, all the princely states signed treaty with them, allowing their armies to be used in the British interest whenever Britishers wanted. Britishers found it difficult to distinguish between the records of different states as the signs were not able to distinguish the state they belongs to. Also, it was difficult to distinguish between the armies of the different states. Thus, an idea from the Britishers is introduced of having Coat of Arms (as in England and Europe) for each princely state. Thus, modern Coat of Arms came into existence.
In a short period of time, they also continued to be changed until the ruler was satisfied with them. Such as, Coat of Arms of Jodhpur, the lion above the symbol was not there at the beginning. At first, there was a Sun in the middle of the shield (see (i don't remember the name for sure) Marwar Rajgharane ki Sanskritik Paramparayen, by Dr. Mahendra Singh Nagar), then it was replaced with an eagle. Then Sun found its place on above the sheild, then sometime later it was replaced by the lion.
All in the brief, it was just to signify the Royal family of the Jodhpur or in other words the State of Marwar. Similarly until 19th century, Sun with a katar was the only symbol signifying Mewar. After British rule, the modern symbol came into existance. These symbols are only signifying the Royal Head or the State, not the clan to which the ruler belongs. This fact has been undermined by the people as they have an feeling of proud to use that symbol ( as if they are Head of the state) which originally was to signify the State just to differentiate between the different princely states.
There were over 500 princely states, when India became independent. Many of states were having rulers of same clan. If the clan is same (in case of Kishangarh, Jodhpur, Ratlam, Bikaner ), then symbol (in respect of the clan) should be the same, which cannot be in practical. Because if this was the case, all the states of similar clans can be taken mistakenly as one state.

People must do hardwork to find the symbol realting to their clan, instead of making their Thikana as the State, the way in which most of the people think.